Turner Syndrome in Children

January 21, 2022
Janelle Thomas MSN, RN
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When you have a baby girl, you look forward to raising her to be the best version of herself. You want her to grow up strong and healthy. That’s why, when she’s diagnosed with Turner syndrome, it can feel like a step in the wrong direction. But, women with Turner syndrome can live long fulfilling lives.

What is Turner syndrome?

Turner syndrome occurs when one of the X chromosomes is missing or partially missing. This occurs randomly during cell division when a parent’s reproductive cells are being formed. Turner syndrome only impacts females and causes various medical and developmental problems — such as short height, failure of the ovaries to develop, and heart defects. While rare, this condition can occur in one out of every 2,500 baby girls.

Turner Syndrome Symptoms

If only some of the cells have the X condition, then this is known as mosaic Turner syndrome. In these cases, symptoms are fairly mild. Regardless of whether symptoms are mild or severe, someone with Turner syndrome may display or experience:

  • Webbing of the skin of the neck
  • A low hairline at the back of the head
  • Low-set ears
  • Unusual eye features, such as drooping eyelids
  • Altered bone development, especially the bones of the hands and elbows
  • A lack of breast development at the expected age
  • Irregular periods or no periods
  • A larger than usual number of moles on the skin
  • Broad chest with widely spaced nipples
  • High narrow roof of the mouth
  • Arms that turn outward at the elbows
  • Fingernails and toenails that are narrow and turned upward
  • Swelling of the hands and feet, especially at birth
  • Slightly smaller than average height at birth
  • Slowed growth
  • Cardiac defects
  • Receding or small lower jaw
  • Short fingers and toes

How to Diagnose Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome can be diagnosed during pregnancy by DNA screening, but it can also be diagnosed after a child is born using a special blood test that analyzes chromosomes. Turner syndrome shares many symptoms with other conditions, so it can be difficult to achieve the proper diagnosis without proper testing. That’s why it’s important to seek appropriate care if you have concerns about your daughter’s physical or sexual development.

Turner Syndrome Treatment

Once diagnosed, your daughter’s treatment plan will depend on how severe her condition is. Some women only have a few signs and symptoms while others may have all of them. Treatment plans may include:

Turner Syndrome Complications

While Turner syndrome has no cure, most women go on to live full and healthy lives with regular treatment. However, some complications can occur if your child has a severe condition or if their condition impacts proper body development. This can result in complications such as:

  • Heart problems
  • High blood pressure
  • Hearing loss
  • Vision problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Skeletal problems
  • Learning disabilities
  • Mental health issues
  • Infertility
  • Pregnancy complications

Contact Care Options for Kids for Home Health Care in Florida

It can be hard to balance your time between work, home, and caring for a child. That’s why our team of professionals at Care Options for Kids is here to help. We have been enforcing precautionary measures and following the Centers For Disease Control (CDC) guidelines for COVID-19 to ensure the safety and health of our clients and employees.

Our home health care services offer support in the comfort of your home. We refer loving and competent nurses to provide customized care for families — from a few hours a day to around-the-clock supervision. Contact us directly to speak with a home health care professional or request a free in-home assessment. Together we can determine the best plan of action to keep your loved ones happy and healthy.

If you or a loved one are considering Pediatric Home Health Care Services in Florida, contact the caring staff at Care Options for Kids. Call today at (888) 592-5855.